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Алдах эхгүй Эрдэнэбүрэнгийн усан цахилгаан станц

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БНХАУ-ын Засгийн газраас Монгол Улсын Засгийн газарт олгох нэг тэрбум ам.долларын хөнгөлөлттэй зээлийн хүрээнд Ховд гол дээр 90-100 МВт-ын хүчин чадалтай усан цахилгаан станц барих болоод байгаа билээ.

Эх сурвалжийн мэдээлснээр одоогоор техник эдийн засгийн үнэлгээ боловсруулах ажил ид үргэлжилж байгаа аж. Станцыг Ховд аймгийн Эрдэнэбүрэн сумын нутаг дахь Шижигтийн хавцалд барих бөгөөд гэрээ хэлэлцээрүүд нь хийгдчихсэн, тэнд бүтээн байгуулалт эхлэх нь ердөө цаг хугацааны асуудал болжээ. Баруун бүсийн эрчим хүчний хангалтад ихээхэн ач холбогдолтой тус станцыг барихдаа шийдвэр гаргагчид зайлшгүй анхаарах ёстойчухал асуудлууд байна.

МОНГОЛ ХАДРАН ЗАГАС ШИЖИГТИЙН ХАВЦЛААР ДЭЭШ ӨГСӨЖ ТҮРСЭЭ ШАХДАГ УУ?

Монголын загас судлаачид монгол хадран загасанд уян тэмдэглэгээ тавьж шилжилт хөдөлгөөн, үржлийн нүүдлийг нь судалжээ. Тэдний судалгаагаар монгол хадран загас Ховд аймгийн Эрдэнэбүрэн сумын нутаг дахь Шижигтийн хавцлаар дээш Ховд голоо өгсөж түрсээ шахдаг нь батлагдсан байна. Тодруулбал, 2019 оны дөрөвдүгээр сард Шижигтийн хавцал орчмоос барьж уян тэмдэглэгээ зүүсэн загаснуудаас гурав нь Баян-Өлгий аймгийн Баяннуур сумын нутаг дахь Ховд голоос баригджээ. Зүүлт нь загасандаа ямар ч хор хөнөөл учруулахгүй, уян пластик юм.

Судалгааны энэ үр дүн монгол хадран загасны хамгаалалдих ач холбогдолтой. Учир нь, Шижигтийн хавцалд монгол хадран загас түрсээ шахдаг гол цэг байдаг бөгөөд усан цахилгаан станцын бүтээн байгуулалт үржилд нь сөргөөр нөлөөлөх магадлалтайг эрдэмтэн судлаачид анхааруулсаар байгаа. Харин албаны зарим хүмүүс “усан цахилгаан станц барих газар нь монгол хадран загасны үржлийн цэгээс дээш байгаа тул ямар ч асуудалгүй” хэмээн тайлбарладаг. Өмнө нь тодорхой судалгаа байгаагүй бөгөөд судлаачид ч энэ загас Шижигтийн хавцалд ирж түрсээ шахчихаад буцдаг гэсэн ойлголттой байв.

Тэгвэл монгол хадран загас үржлийнхээ үед Шижигтийн хавцлаар дээш өгсдөг нь ийнхүү тодорхой болсон учир тэнд усан цахилгаан станц барихдаа загас дамжин өнгөрүүлэх суваг байгуулах шаардлагатай болж байна. Байгуулахдаа ямар загвараар хийхэд анхаарал хандуулах шаардлагатай болжээ. Учир нь, Дөргөний усан цахилгаан станцыг байгуулахдаа загас дамжин өнгөрүүлэх байгууламж хийсэн боловч тэр нь яг л төөрдөг байшин хэлбэртэй, стандартын шаардлага хангаагүйгээс загас дамжин гарч чадаагүй юм. Одоо ашиглагддаггүй, харин ч эсрэгээрээ монгол хадран загасны генетикийн нэгдмэл популяцийг баруун, зүүн гэсэн тусгаарлагдмал хэсэгт хуваасан хэмээн судлаачид харамсангуй ярьдаг. Хэрвээ энэ алдааг Эрдэнэбүрэнгийн усан цахилгаан станцад давтах юм бол Монгол орны унаган загас болох хадран цөөрөх эрсдэлтэй юм.

ТАЙШИР, ДӨРГӨНИЙ АЛДААГ БҮҮ ДАВТААСАЙ

Шинээр усан цахилгаан станц барихдаа алдааг нь давтаж болохгүйг сануулдаг тод жишээ нь Тайшир, Дөргөний усан цахилгаан станцууд юм. Баригдсан даруйдаа байгаль, экологид хамгийн их сөрөг нөлөө үзүүлсэн нь Тайширын усан цахилгаан станц. Завхан голын усыг боосноос энэ гол тасарч Увс аймгийн Завхан сумын малчид уух ус, малаа тэжээх бэлчээргүйболж олон арваараа нутгаа орхин нүүж байсан цаг саяхан. Завхан голын ус татарснаас болж Их нууруудын хотгорын усны экосистемд онцгой үүрэгтэй Хяргас нуурын усны төвшин жил ирэх тусам багасч, эргийн бүс дотогшилсоор байгааг судлаачид онцлох болсон.

Яг үнэндээДөргөн, Тайширын хувьд бид ус багатай нутагт усан цахилгаан станц барьж сургамжтай түүх бичсэн билээ. Нөгөө талаар Тайшир, Дөргөний усан цахилгаан станцаас болж байгаль, экологид хэр хэмжээний хохирол учирсныг тодорхойлсон судалгаа өдийг хүртэл алга. Хяргас нуурын усны төвшин хэр буурсан, Завхан голын урсац станц барихаас өмнөхтэй адил хэмжээтэй байж чадаж байна уу гэдгийг судалж тогтоосноор маргаантай олон асуултад хариулт өгөх учиртай. Дөргөн, Тайширын усан цахилгаан станцын хам нөлөө Хяргас, Дөргөн нууранд тусдаг. Алтайгаас ирж байгаа ус Ховд, Буянт голоор, Хангайгаас ирж байгаа ус Хүнгүй, Завхан голоор дамжин Хяргас, Дөргөн нуурт цутгадаг. Гэтэл Хангайгаас ирж байгаа Завхан голын усыг Тайширт, Алтайгаас ирж байгаа Ховд, Буянт голын усыг Дөргөний станцын далангаар хаачихсан. Их нууруудын нэг хэсэг болох Хяргас нуурын хотгор нь хуурайшилт ихтэй, гадагш урсгалгүй бүс нутаг юм.

Ховд гол олон төрөл, зүйлийн усны шувуу цуглардаг Хар-Ус нуурт цутгаж гол тэжээл нь болдог. Энэ нуур Рамсарын конвенцид бүртгэлтэй, олон улсын хамгаалалтад орсон. Хар-Ус бол Монголын дөрвөн том нуурын нэг мөртлөө гүехэн. Хөвсгөл 234 метр, Хяргас нуур 80 метр гүн. Тэр хэрээр ус ихтэй. Харин Хар-Ус нуур гүн хэсэгтээ л 3-4 метр хүрнэ. Гол тэжээл нь болсон Ховд голын ус татарвал хуурайшилт ихтэй энэ цаг үед нуурын усны төвшин багасах эрсдэлтэй гэж усны мэргэжилтнүүд анхааруулж байна. Мөн Баян-Өлгий, Увс, Ховд аймгийн 20 гаруй сумын 80 гаруй мянган хүн, хоёр сая гаруй мал сүрэг Ховд голоос ундаалдаг. Тиймээс л энэ төсөлд эхнээс нь болгоомжтой хандаж тооцооллоо маш сайн хийх шаардлагатай болоод байгаа юм. Ялангуяа байгаль орчинд нөлөөлөх байдлын үнэлгээ хийхдээ үүнийг тооцох хэрэгтэй байна.

Мэдээж зээл өгч байгаа Хятадын тал ч энэ асуудалд онцгой анхаарч таарна. Тэд өөрсдийнх нь санхүүжүүлсэн төсөл олон улсын хамгаалалтад орсон Хар-Ус нуур болон Их нууруудын хотгорын экосистемд сөргөөр нөлөөллөө хэмээх шүүмжлэлд өртөхийг хүсэхгүй нь лавтай. Хятадууд аливаа бүтээн байгуулалтыг хийхдээ байгаль, экологид сөргөөр нөлөөлөхгүй байхад онцгой анхаардаг болчихсон, холбогдох хууль журмандаа ч бодлогын өөрчлөлт оруулж дэлхийн чиг хандлагатай хөл нийлүүлэн алхаж байгаа. Хятадын дарга Ши Жинпин 2018 оны тавдугаар сарын сарын 18-19-нд Бээжин хотод болсон Бүх Хятадын экологихамгааллын хуралд оролцохдоо” Ногоон хөгжлийг бүх талаар ахиулах ёстой. Экологийн эрсдэлээс хамгаалж, бүх явцын олон давхаргын экологи хамгааллын системийг байгуулах хэрэгтэй” хэмээн онцолсон билээ. Мөн тэрээр 2019 оны гуравдугаар сард Өвөр Монголын төлөөлөгчдийн хянан зөвлөлдөх хуралд оролцохдоо “Эдийн засгийн хөгжил хүндрэлтэй болох үед төсөл хэрэгжүүлж, байгаль орчныг хохироож эдийн засгаа нэмэгдүүлэх үзэл бодолтой байж болохгүй. Экологи хамгааллын улаан шугамыг эвдэж болохгүй” гэж сануулж байсан юм.

Улс орны хөгжил, иргэдийн амьдралд эрчим хүч хэрэгтэй нь маргахын аргагүй үнэн. Тэр тусмаа эрчим хүчнийхээ хэрэгцээгээ бүрэн хангаж чадаагүй, бусдаас хамааралтай манай улсын хувьд бүр ч чухал. Хамгийн гол нь, өмнөх алдаагаа давтахгүйгээр экологид ээлтэй бүтээн байгуулалт хийх нь энэ төслийг хариуцагчдын заавал анхаарах ёстой асуудал юм. Нөгөө талаар цаашид бүтээн байгуулалт хийхдээ заавал ус гэхгүйгээр нар, салхины сэргээгдэх эрчим хүчээр асуудлыг шийдэх олон сонголт гарч ирээд байна. Технологийн дэвшлээс шалтгаалж үнэ тариф нь ч өдрөөс өдөрт хямдарч байгааг анхаарах хэрэгтэйг мэргэжилтнүүд сануулж байгаа билээ.

Д.БАТБАЯР

Өдрийн сонин

2 Сэтгэгдэл сэтгэгдэл “Алдах эхгүй Эрдэнэбүрэнгийн усан цахилгаан станц”

  1. fertilizer control order ppt

    Gardening is a great approach to escape the stress regarding daily life
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  2. fertilizer for hibiscus

    Gardening is a great method to escape the stress of
    way of life by working together with your hands and achieving in touch
    with nature. It can also a way to be able to add some beauty together with peace to
    your household by encircling it with lovely plants. Read in to find
    out just how to start your own home lawn today.

    To store the garden-fresh onions for work with all over the winter plus prevent getting rot
    or perhaps mold, retail outlet them within pantyhose!
    Sure, pantyhose! Basically place the onions directly into
    the legs of pantyhose, and, to avoid permitting them
    touch one a further (which is actually helps produce mold plus
    rot), place a twist put in between each onion as well as the following.

    To store, hang typically the pantyhose by the
    gusset in a new cool dried up place and cut away from or
    perhaps pop a hole in the pantyhose to pick up an onion when you need it.

    If anyone are planning an water sources method for your lawn, consider a drip water sources program.
    A conventional system using sprinkler heads loses a good whole lot water
    via evaporation. Nevertheless , a drip technique irrigates your garden by
    way of a constant poor drip of water under the surface, which means a lesser amount of water is wasted by
    way of evaporation.

    Use stones seeing that plant markers if an individual want to keep a new natural looking motif.
    You can write with permanent miraculous marker on the washboard section of stones plus surround your plant using
    them. Because of this you will certainly be in a position to notify which
    plants you have without having a good ugly white mark.

    Test rising crops that are simple store
    or store them selves. If handled appropriately plus gently,
    given the best amount of time and energy to treat,
    garlic, onions, special oranges, squash, dry beans, or
    even shallots will keep for just a very long time in the amazing, dry
    place. No canning or icing required. This may ensure obtaining fresh
    vegetables from your yard all winter long.

    Give attention to the temperature ranges in your back garden.
    Any time it is early, or even late, in the
    time of year there is some sort of opportunity that your plants might be exposed to frost.
    Freezing conditions will cause numerous plants to help die, in addition to some
    that live are not going to produce at the stage they’d have otherwise.

    Tumble is a superb time of the year to plant
    an autumn veg garden. The gentle temperature ranges of autumn can be
    great for cultivating fast-growing, cool-season vegetables such as
    greens, radishes and lettuce. Expanding an autumn screened gazebo will require some planning when you need
    to pick your greens crop ahead of the first frost. By simply looking on the seeds packet, you will discover out just how long
    it will take for your seed to be mature enough
    to reap. Since plants grow slower in the shortened nights of drop, add
    two months to the time shown on the seed bundle.
    If the total range of days is 1 out of 3, make
    sure you plant your fall crop on least that many days and
    nights ahead of time that the first moment of
    ice typically only occurs in your place.

    Create heat with great or yellowish foliage. Image vibrancy in addition to
    warmth provides from great and yellow-leaved foliage.
    They are particularly useful in shady locations, offering the impression of light-weight and depth.
    Many people coordinate attractively with violet
    bouquets as well as deep fermeté appearance.
    Good choices include Caryopteris ‘Worcester Gold’, Viburnum ‘Aureum’,
    numerous Hostas and Spirea ‘Gold Flame’.

    Plant within the shade. All plants want light to survive,
    but not all of them need to have brilliant the sun. Plants indigène to forest places are happy when they find protection from
    the sun’s rays. There are several plant life that will flourish in a fly-by-night back garden, including Hosta, Cyclamen, Foxglove, Helleborus, Japanese Anemone, plus Ajuga.
    By planting these types of, you will have a year-round display
    screen of coloring in your shadiest of gardens.

    For those who have a small baby, consider wearing your own personal child in a
    bookbag while you garden. Being outside is
    a superb stimulating experience to get the infant,
    plus they will get to spend more time with you. Organic gardening can be most dependable for baby,
    while presently there is no risk connected with them encountering harsh or
    dangerous chemical compounds while an individual work.

    One of the particular best approaches to be successful with
    organic farming is to plan early. The perfect laid out options for
    an organic lawn, always make for the best successful garden. Plan what you will plant early on and even be absolute to have backup fresh vegetables willing to plant if short-lived vegetation, like lettuce and
    spinach, are accomplished for the year.

    Compliment the areas of your current yard exactly where
    grass may not grow. Carry out not necessarily be discouraged.
    Perform not really try to regrow a glass there. Go ahead
    and take this opportunity to modify your ground cover a more
    natural choice. Look regarding an issue that is low-maintenance,
    plus put anywhere grass is usually struggling to thrive.

    Single weird but apparently useful tip to get growing organic plants, should be to lightly wash
    your plant life with your own personal fingers or a piece of cardboard 1-2 times
    daily. While this appears unusual, research shows it can certainly help plants increase larger, versus definitely not petting them
    all at all.

    Here is a suggestion for natural gardening!
    Work with a rain determine. Most crops require regarding a great in of liquid
    per week. To learn how much you need in order to
    water, it truly is critical for you to know how much waters
    the plants received through rain. As rain may differ greatly
    within just a metropolis, may rely on your current weather statement; instead
    apply a rain measure to be able to determine the amount that fell into
    at your position.

    Many horse farms can give you their moose manure for free if you consult.
    Some will certainly even transport that in order to your front door
    for a new small fee. Horse manure is usually loaded with
    vitamins and vitamins and minerals that plants crave.
    Generally, the manure is mixed up with wood shavings to be able to reduce the
    smell. For that serious organic, make guaranteed that this
    scraps utilized are also organic and natural.

    When your life is nerve-racking, farming cannot be encouraged enough.
    When you have found by reading through this short article, gardening is an simple hobby
    as well like a great strain reliever. So, what explanation carry out you have in not beginning?
    Apply the tips in this article nowadays to produce a amazing garden and
    to make yourself sense fantastic, as well! http://xinyue1992.com/comment/html/?23363.html

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